The famous architects Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Ludwig Persius created the Roman Baths, a romantic ensemble of buildings in Italian style. Following the Roman model, the focus here was on the joy of experimenting and creating new architecture. They were not, as the name suggests, built as mansions or as imitations of Roman thermal springs. They are planned as a architectural creation. The architects were inspired by the style of an Italian country house of the 15th century.
Thus the entire ensemble resembles an Italian mansion, in which herms of Dionysus, Pompeian column fragments, an old sarcophagus of the Centaur and plots with southern vegetables and lush ornamental plants evoke associations with an ideal Italy.
The Roman baths are a further proof of Friedrich Wilhelm IV's longing for Italy. As a talented draughtsman, he was able to contribute his ideas for the building. The reserved character of the romantic on the throne can still be seen today, for example, in the pergolas surrounded by vine leaves or on the terrace with a view over a pond to Charlottenhof Palace. The scholar Alexander von Humboldt also enjoyed this view during his stays in Potsdam.
Further buildings of his longing for Italy are Charlottenhof Palace, Orangery Palace and the Pfingstberg Belvedere. Last admission 30 minutes before closing time.
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