Palaces as far as the eye can reach
Prussia’s kings and prince electors created a fascinating retreat comprising palaces and parklands in Potsdam. The original 16 palaces spread over 3 parks in Potsdam and its city center. They offer a huge ensemble of palaces and shaping one the largest UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany.
Every Prussian ruler has left his own legacy to the city with his buildings. Those who know the ruler's history and life will quickly recognize which palace was built by which king. They reflect power and wealth as well as love for Italian architecture and Chinoiserie style.
Nevertheless, behind every façade there was also a benefit and those were not only for representation usage. The huge Orangery Palace for example is based on the Villa Medici in Rome and is a stone carved longing of Frederick William IV. for Italy. With its two huge plant halls and the ingenious heating system, however, it is still used today as the winter home for the frost-sensitive potted plants of Sanssouci Park.
The Dragon House (“Drachenhaus”), not far away, with its curved roofs, is a great example of the Chinoiserie style loved by Frederick II. and was the residence of the parks winegrower.
Other buildings improved the appearance of the useful. The water basin on the Ruinenberg Hill behind Sanssouci Palace once only served as a water reservoir which fed the parks fountains. Frederic II. then had the Norman Tower and his imitation of a ruin of a round temple with colossal columns built around the basin.
You will discover many other fascinating stories about the palaces once you get inside. Which palace did Frederick Wilhelm IV. receive for Christmas? Why is there always a potato lying on Fredericks grave and what’s the story behind the red star in the court of honour at Cecilienhof Palace? There are stories in each and every corner of Potsdam’s park landscape. Take your time to discover and explore.